1. 英语小说: 小说下载 在线小说 读书推荐
  2. 英语短文: 家庭保健 健康生活 幸福情感
  1. 能力: 英语口语 英语听力 职场英语 商务英语 影视英语 少儿英语 行业英语 双语阅读
  2. 考试: 英语四级 英语六级 笔译口译 英语单词 考研英语 课堂英语 英语考试 新概念

英语听力

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

BBC随身英语:咖啡种植业面临威胁

lzy 于2017-10-09发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
BBC随身英语:咖啡种植业面临威胁
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……
Do you like drinking coffee? I certainly do. In fact you could say I'm an addict because I have to drink a cup every morning to kick-start my day and get my brain working! Latte, cappuccino, espresso – you name it, I'll drink it. And I'm not alone – it seems like everyone has a coffee cup glued to their hands as they rush to the office. So how would we survive if there was a coffee drought?
 你喜欢喝咖啡吗?我就喜欢喝。其实,你可以说我对咖啡很上瘾,因为我每天早上都要喝一杯咖啡来启动我的大脑,开始工作。拿铁、卡布奇诺、浓缩咖啡,凡是你能叫的上名的咖啡我都喝。并不只有我这样,好像每个人冲进办公室的时候,手里都拿着一个咖啡杯。如果咖啡出现了供应不足的情况,那我们该怎么办呢?


Well, experts are warning that our favourite caffeine shot could really be under threat. Our love for coffee could mean that demand outstrips supply. This, of course, could hit us in the pocket but there's even worse news – we could face poorer-tasting coffee. This is the view of scientists at London's Kew Gardens who are blaming global warming for this possible hot beverage crisis.
 

Demand for coffee has certainly increased as people have become more affluent. Consumption has doubled in the last 35 years. Last year 9.5 billion kilos were consumed. But as we drink more, the areas where coffee is grown is predicted to shrink. The International Coffee Organisation says that bean production in South East Asia, for example, will decrease by 70% by 2050. The BBC spoke to Dr Tim Schilling, director of the World Coffee Research institute, who says: "The supply of high-quality coffee is severely threatened by climate change, diseases and pests, land pressure, and labour shortages - and demand for these coffees is rising every year."
专家警告称,我们最喜欢的咖啡可能真的面临威胁。我们爱喝咖啡可能意味着咖啡供不应求。当然,我们在咖啡上的花费也会增多,但是更糟糕的是,咖啡的味道可能不比从前。这是英国皇家植物园的科学家的观点,他们把该热饮危机归咎于全球变暖。
 
 
This is a sobering thought for those of us who rely on a caffeine fix everyday but more worrying for people who work in the industry. Coffee provides a livelihood for about 16% of Ethiopia's population. And across the globe, extreme weather events are proving a challenge to coffee growers in places such as Brazil and Vietnam.
人们越来越富裕,对咖啡的需求量也大增。在过去的15年里,咖啡的消耗量已经翻了一番。去年咖啡的消耗量为95亿千克。但是,由于我们需要喝更多的咖啡,种植咖啡的土地预计会减少。国际咖啡组织表示,例如,东南亚咖啡豆的产量将于2050年下降70%。
 
 
There is some hope. Technology is helping to protect the future of coffee such as 'breeding' the Arabica bean plants to increase its diversity and making it resistant to climatic changes. It's also possible to relocate the coffee-growing areas – although this sometimes leads to areas being deforested. Dr Aaron Davis,
BBC记者采访了世界咖啡研究机构的负责人提姆·锡林博士,他说:“高品质咖啡的供应受到气候变暖、疾病、害虫、用地压力和劳务短缺的严重影响,而对高品质咖啡的需求却逐年增涨。
 

对我们这些每天必须喝一杯咖啡的人来说,这一问题发人深省。但那些在咖啡行业工作的人们更为担忧。埃塞俄比亚近16%的人口以咖啡种植为生。世界各地的极端气候事件给巴西、越南等地的咖啡种植者带来了挑战。
coffee researcher at Kew, says: “There is the potential to mitigate some of the negatives and actually increase the coffee-growing area by four and a half times compared with maintaining the status quo.” But will this come quick enough before our coffee turns bitter and we look for a cheaper alternative?
 
希望还是有的。科技将帮助保护咖啡的未来,例如“培植”阿拉比卡咖啡树,以增加其多样性并让其能抵御气候变化。或者重新安置咖啡种植区域,尽管这样可能会导致该区域的森林被砍伐。英国皇家植物园的咖啡研究员亚伦·戴维斯博士说:“与保持现状相比,这些方式可能会减少负面影响并增加4.5倍的咖啡种植区域。”但是在咖啡味道变遭、我们找到更便宜的替代品以前,这些措施能及时发挥作用吗?
 1 2 下一页
分享到
添加到收藏

听力节目排行

  1. 1 BBC六分钟英语听力精选:真的会笑死吗?
  2. 1有声读物《象人》第2期-名片(1)
  3. 1BBC六分钟英语听力精选:Sighing叹气
  4. 1BBC六分钟英语听力精选:Miraculous survival
  5. 1BBC六分钟英语听力精选:The super rich超级
  6. 1BBC六分钟英语听力精选:How much food do yo
  1. 1BBC随身英语:皇家军队阅兵
  2. 1BBC六分钟英语听力精选:Sighing叹气
  3. 1BBC六分钟英语听力精选:Miraculous survival
  4. 1BBC六分钟英语听力精选:The super rich超级
  5. 1BBC六分钟英语听力精选:How much food do yo
  6. 1BBC六分钟英语听力精选:Goldfish, brains an
  1. 1《名人传记》之乔布斯如何改变世界1-他改变
  2. 1 有声读物《金银岛》第4期-第一章 老海员(4
  3. 1BBC六分钟英语:你能变成素食主义者吗
  4. 1BBC随身英语:咖啡种植业面临威胁
  5. 1BBC六分钟英语:脸与第一印象
  6. 1 BBC六分钟英语听力精选:制服

鸿运国际pt客户端

百度360搜索搜狗搜索