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VOA常速英语:2018年世界知识产权日

kira86 于2018-05-03发布 l 已有人浏览
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每年的4月26日是世界知识产权日,今年的主题未“变革的动力:女性参与创新创造”。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……
2018知识产权日.jpg
Intellectual Property Day 2018
2018年世界知识产权日
Next, an editorial reflecting the views of the United States government.
接下来,是一篇反映美国政府观点的社论。
Intellectual property is a term that refers to unique creations of the human mind that are subsequently recognized and protected by law, such as inventions, literary and artistic works, as well as symbols, names, images and designs used in commerce.It includes musical performances, films, fashion, advances in technology or medicine,and innovations on existing design in every field and genre. Simply put, intellectual property represents our genius.
知识产权这个术语指随后受到法律认可和保护的人类智慧的独特创造,如发明、文学和艺术作品、以及用于商业用途的标志、名称、图像和设计。还包括音乐表演、电影、时尚、技术和医学取得的进展、以及对各领域和流派现有设计的创新。简言之,知识产权体现了我们的天赋。
Stealing intellectual property is no less of a crime than stealing someone's wallet or damaging their sale goods. Some consequences of intellectual property theft are obvious.If a patient is treated with counterfeit medication, his or her health could suffer, or they could die. Intellectual property theft deprives artists, inventors and innovators of their just compensation, and cheats purchasers of pirated goods,because the value of the purchase is less than advertised.
窃取知识产权与偷窃他人钱包或破坏其出售的商品一样属于犯罪。知识产权盗用的一些后果是显而易见的。如果患者接受假冒药物的治疗,他(她)的健康可能会受损,甚至死亡。知识产权盗用剥夺了艺术家、发明家和创新者的合理补偿,欺骗了盗版产品的购买者,因为购买价值低于广告宣传价值。
Some of the lesser known forms of intellectual property theft include appropriation of trade secrets and specialized know-how, usually through cyber theft;and compulsory transfer of technology from transnational companies to the government of a country on whose territory they wish to conduct business.Still, one of the most serious consequences of intellectual property theft is that it stifles creativity and innovation.Why dedicate effort and resources to creation or innovation if one is not likely to reap commensurate rewards?
一些鲜为人知的知识产权盗用形式包括擅自调用商业机密和专业知识,通常通过网络盗窃实现;强制将技术从跨国公司转移给一国政府,后者希望在本国领土上进行商业交易。知识产权盗用最严重的后果之一是扼杀了创造力和创新性。如果一个人不能获得相应回报,为什么花费精力和资源进行创造或创新呢?
On April 26th, we observe World Intellectual Property Day to celebrate creativity, to acknowledge the contributions of creators, inventors and innovators to the development of societies across the globe, and to raise awareness of how patents, copyright and trademarks contribute to humanity's progress.This year's theme, Women in Innovation and Creativity, is designed to celebrate women's contributions to intellectual property.The protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights help ensure the world will continue to benefit from the time, resources, and brainpower invested in developing new technologies and improvement of existing ones;from the works of some or our most creative citizens, and from new brands and modes of production.
4月26日,我们迎来了世界知识产权日,这天用来庆祝创造性,认可创造者、发明者和创新者对全球社会发展所做的贡献,提升人们的意识,即专利、版权和商标如何对人类进步做出贡献。今年世界知识产权日的主题是女性参与创新创造,这一主题是为庆祝女性对知识产权的贡献而设计的。保护和行使知识产权帮助确保世界继续从用于发展新技术和完善现有技术的时间、资源和智力中获益;从一些或我们最富创造力公民的工作中获益,从新品牌和生产模式中获益。
On this day, as we celebrate the human capacity to create, innovate and invent,we call on all our friends and partners to stiffen intellectual property laws where needed, and enforce them strictly, for the sake of us all.
在这一天,当我们庆祝人类创造、创新和发明的能力时,我们呼吁所有朋友和伙伴在需要的地方加强知识产权法,并为所有人严格执行该法律。
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